Schools across the countries had to cut lay-off thousands of teachers and give pay cuts to others.
Schools were given a stimulus so they could afford to hire back teachers. Most of them still received pay cuts.
One of the problems schools are facing is no way of testing the quality of teachers, and laws that force them to lay teachers of based on seniority, instead of how good they are. Schools are getting stuck with not enough teachers, and those they do have, aren't always the best.